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نشر عطران: French Grammar and Daily Conversations (Author: Dr. Kazem Barzegar)

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French Grammar and Daily Conversations

Dedicated to

My teachers at Razavieh Elementary School,

Shahid Beheshti Secondary School,

Shahid Motahari High School,

and

my instructors and professors at

Shiraz University,

and

Tarbiat Modarres University, specially

the Late Dr. Seyyed Akbar Mirhassani

Objectives of the Book

 

After the study of this book the students should be able to

Understand the French grammar in listening

Understand the French grammar in reading

Use grammatically correct sentences in their speaking

Use grammatically correct sentences in their writing

Pronounce the French words with correct pronunciation and accent

Pronounce the French sentences with correct intonation, tone, and pitch

Use the French language for communicative purposes

Understand the French culture

Understand the French moods, behavior, and personalities

Use their French language ability in tourism

Just like in English, French adjectives describe or modify nouns and pronouns, but unlike English, French adjectives should agree in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) with the noun or pronoun they modify. The feminine is usually formed by adding an “-e” to the masculine form, for example: a big restaurant = un grand restaurant/ a big house = une grande maison. (“house” in French is feminine, so the adjective “big/ grand” will add an extra “e”)

 To form adjectives in the plural usually an “s” should be added to the singular masculine: the big restaurant: le grand restaurant, the big restaurants: les grands restaurants. Remember that the feminine plural will take an “es”: a big house = une grande maison, big houses: des grandes maisons.

French adjectives usually follow the noun they modify: a white house: une maison blanche. But when it comes to some characters like: beauty, age, good or bad, and size usually the adjective comes first: (an old frined: un vieux ami), (a beautiful girl: une jolie fille)

Some adjectives can be placed either before or after depending on the meaning: un grand acteur: a great actor/ un acteur grand: a tall actor.

French Verbs

Definition: The verb is maybe the most important part  of the sentence. A verb is a word that describes an action or mental or physical state. A verb or compound verb asserts something about the subject of the sentence and expresses actions, events, or states of being. The verb or compound verb is the critical element of the predicate of a sentence.

Tenses and Moods

French verbs can be formed in four moods, each of which expresses a unique feeling. Each mood has a varying number of tenses, which indicate the time when an action takes place. 

Infinitives

The infinitive form of the verb will be used to identify it. In English, the infinitive form is to “Verb”. In French, the infinitive is one word. For example, parler translates to to speak, finir translates to to finish, and aller translates to to go.

Conjugation
French verbs conjugate, which means they take different shapes depending on the subject. English verbs only have one conjugation; that is the third person singular (I see, you see, he/she sees, we see, they see). The only exception is the verb “to be” (I am; (thou art); you are; he/she is; we are; they are;). Most French verbs will conjugate into many different forms.  Most verbs are regular, which means that they conjugate in the same way. The most common verbs, however, are irregular

French Grammar and Daily Conversations Atran Publication Iran

French Grammar and Daily Conversations Atran Publication Iran

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